The principle of gender equality is enshrined in the Indian Constitution in its Preamble, Fundamental Rights, Fundamental Duties and Directive Principles. The Constitution not only grants equality to women, but also empowers the State to adopt measures of positive discrimination in favour of women.
However, owning to circumstances in a patriarchal society, the role of women is highly underestimated in the country. The deeply rooted traditions put women a step lower than men.
Today, women’s rights in India are in an upsetting level condition. According to a number of statistics, women are in an essential need of empowerment. Education, unemployment and gender discrimination are the main women’s rights issues in the country.
Sexual harassment and cases of violence against women have rapidly increased in last few years. In what is referred to as second wave of India’s “Me Too” movement, numerous chilling cases of sexual harassment, that stayed under the rug for years (in some cases even decades), have come to the fore. Many women from M&E, corporate sector took to the social media to “name and shame” their perpetrators following several anonymous testimonies triggering a fresh wave of #MeToo.
The corporate India is also responsible for protecting women working for their organisations. Violence against women, gender pay gap, and exploitation of women workers are the major issues that mar the supply chain of many organisations. Be it sugar or tea industry, women labourers are subjected to apathetic discrimination. Oxfam India’s study ‘Human Cost of Sugar’ also highlighted plight of women farmers.